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Children's Hospital at Dartmouth Hitchcock (CHad)
In This Section


Kidney problems

  • Prenatally diagnosed kidney problems
  • Hydronephrosis (extra urine in the kidney)
  • Ureteropelvic junction obstruction
  • Cysts in the kidney
  • Kidney stones
  • Vesicoureteral reflux (kidney reflux)
  • Kidney duplication anomalies
  • Kidney tumors

Problems involving the ureters

  • Ureteral stones
  • Duplication anomalies (extra ureters)
  • Vesicoureteral reflux (kidney reflux)

Bladder problems

  • Urinary tract infections
  • Daytime wetting and bedwetting
  • Other voiding problems: urinary frequency, urgency, pain
  • Blood in the urine
  • Neurogenic bladder
  • Bladder tumors
  • Bladder exstrophy

Genital/urethral problems

  • Circumcision questions or concerns
  • Hypospadias and epispadias (abnormal opening on the penis)
  • Meatal stenosis (small opening on the penis)
  • Concealed penis
  • Penile infections
  • Maldescended (undescended and retractile)testes
  • Hydrocele and inguinal hernia
  • Varicocele
  • Epididymitis
  • Testicular tumors
  • Labial adhesions
  • Ambiguous genitalia (intersex)
  • Imperforate hymen/vaginal agenesis
  • Posterior urethral valves (blockage in the urethra)
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